This article will answer many of your questions about abortion.
If you want more information, contact one of the groups or
agencies listed at the end.
What is an abortion?
An abortion is the ending of a pregnancy. The embryo or fetus
is removed from the woman's uterus. In an average abortion, the
fetus is about 3 cm long. Scientists tell us that the fetus has
no awareness and no pain sensations until after the fifth month
Is it legal to have an abortion?
YES. Abortions are legal in Canada. You can have an abortion at
either a hospital or a clinic that performis abortions. In BC,
some designated hospitals
How much does an abortion cost?
Abortions are free in BC if you have medical coverage. (There
may also be a charge for medications not covered by MSP.) You
can get medical coverage as long as you've lived in BC for the
last three months. If you are covered under someone else's
medical plan (like your parents), and you don't want them to
find out, don't worry - information on abortions for teenagers
is always kept confidential by the Ministry of Health.
If you're new to the Province and don't have medical coverage,
the cost for an early abortion is about $450 to $600. If you
can't afford it, talk to one of the clinics, or contact the
Pregnancy Options Line at 1-888-875-3163 (within Lower Mainland,
604-875-3163). Clinics may be able to help with funding or
payment plans in special circumstances.
Do I need a parent's consent to have an
Not in BC. However, doctors often encourage teens to tell a
parent or another important adult, to help them with emotional
support. Hospitals and clinics are obligated to keep secret the
names of teenagers who have abortions.
How late in a pregnancy can an abortion be
An abortion should be done as early as possible. Most abortions
are done during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Medical
abortions (using pills) can only be done up until about the
seventh week of pregnancy. Surgical abortions on request can be
done after the fifth week of pregnancy in most cases, and up to
14 to 18 weeks in a clinic, or 22 weeks in a hospital.
Abortions are also available after 22 weeks in the rare event
that your life or health becomes seriously threatened by the
pregnancy, or in cases of serious fetal abnormality.
Medicare-funded abortions on request can be obtained in
Victoria BC, Sherbrooke Quebec, and London Ontario up to about
22 or 23 weeks. Abortions on request can also be obtained in
Washington State up to 26 weeks gestation.
Contact the Pregnancy Options Line at 1-888-875-3163 (within
Lower Mainland, 604-875-3163) for more information on 2nd and
3rd trimester abortions, and for assistance in obtaining such
abortions out-of-province, as well as help or advice in covering
How safe is an abortion?
Abortions are extremely safe - it is one of the safest medical
operations of all, and many times safer than childbirth. The
earlier the abortion, the lower the chance of complications.
If I have an abortion, can I still have
children later on?
Yes. Women who have an early abortion, even more than one
abortion, are just as likely as women in general to have a
healthy baby in the future.
What happens during an abortion?
In a surgical abortion, the woman lies on an examining table so
the doctor can see into her vagina to find her cervix, which is
the opening to her uterus. Then the doctor will either use a
local anesthetic to freeze the cervix, or a brief general
anesthetic to make her unconscious for a short time.
To remove the contents of her uterus, the doctor gradually
opens the cervix and inserts a small tube. This tube is attached
to a machine that gently suctions the inside of the uterus. The
doctor then carefully checks the inside of the uterus to be sure
no tissue remains.
The entire procedure takes about 10 minutes. Afterwards, the
woman usually has some bleeding, like a menstrual period. You'll
probably be at the clinic for about 3 or 4 hours, however, to
allow for counselling time and recovery.
Is an abortion painful?
Local or general anesthetics are used before an abortion to
control pain. Most women feel cramps (like strong period cramps)
for a short time. If a woman needs it, the doctor will give her
extra medication for any pain.
How will I feel after an abortion?
Most women feel relief after their abortion and are satisfied
that they have made the right decision for themselves.
Some women feel sad or emotional for a few days or weeks
afterwards and may find a supportive friend or counsellor very
helpful at this time. These feelings usually fade within a short
Researchers have found that having an abortion does not make
women feel bad about themselves years later. In general, women
decide on abortion because being pregnant at that time is in
some way wrong for them.
Do many teenagers have abortions?
Yes. About half of pregnant teenagers choose to have an
abortion. About 20,000 teenagers have abortions in Canada each
Unfortunately, many teenagers often decide to have an abortion
too late in their pregnancies. Either they don't realize that
they are pregnant, or they don't know what to do about it.
What are the alternatives to abortion?
If you decide not to have an abortion, you can continue the
pregnancy and have the baby. Then you can either keep it, or
place it for adoption.
If you decide to have the baby, some single teenage mothers can
get welfare or mother's allowance. If you decide to place the
baby for adoption, you may be able to choose the family you want
to adopt your child. Check the web site of the Ministry
for Children and Family Development for information and
Remember, it's your decision - not your boyfriend's or your
parents' or anyone else's. Try to get some support to help you
make the best decision for you.
Is it wrong to have an abortion?
Some religions think that abortions are wrong, while other
religions teach that abortion is a woman's choice. Many people
believe that abortion is a responsible decision when a woman
cannot handle the pregnancy or properly take care of a child.
Women who decide to have an abortion take motherhood seriously.
Most Canadians agree that women faced with an unplanned,
unwanted pregnancy should be able to choose an abortion.
How do I get an abortion?
You can just call a clinic that performs abortions (listed
below) and make an appointment. The clinic may want you to get
an ultrasound before your abortion - they can either do it right
at the clinic, or help arrange it for you somewhere else.
You don't need a doctor's referral unless you get an abortion
at a hospital. A sympathetic
doctor would have to arrange this for you.
Where can I go for more information or
Here are some people, organizations, and clinics that you can
ask for more information about pregnancy or abortion:
- your school nurse or family doctor
- Pregnancy Options Line: 604-875-3163 (outside Lower Mainland
- Facts of Life Line: 604-731-7803 (outside Lower Mainland
- Options for Sexual Health (formerly Planned Parenthood):
Health Centre: 604-322-6692 (surgical abortions up to 13
weeks, 6 days)
Bagshaw Women's Clinic: 604-736-7878 (surgical abortions
up to 16 weeks, 6 days)
- C.A.R.E. Program,
BC Women's Hospital: 604-875-2022 (surgical abortions up to 18
- Willow Women's
Clinic: 604-709-5611 (medical abortions up to 7 weeks,
- Vancouver Island
Women's Clinic: 250-480-7338 (medical abortions up to 7
weeks, surgical abortions up to 22 weeks)
- Women's Services Clinic, Kelowna General Hospital:
250-980-1399 (surgical abortions up to 12 weeks; open one day
a week only)
Be careful - there are some groups that offer pregnancy
counselling, but who are against abortion. They won't give you
any information on abortion, and may even try and talk you out
of it. Such groups include Birthright and Crisis Pregnancy